These were the principles that would form "the foundations of a new Europe". By the end of January , the Battle of Stalingrad ended with the capitulation and near-total loss of the Wehrmacht's Sixth Army. In Stalingrad , World War II had taken a decisive turn, inspiring resistance movements throughout the European countries then occupied by Germany.
It also had a devastating effect on German morale. On 13 January , a student riot broke out at Munich University after a speech by the Nazi Gauleiter of Munich and Upper Bavaria , in which he had denounced male students not serving in the army as skulkers and had also made obscene remarks to female students. These events encouraged the members of the White Rose.
When the defeat at Stalingrad was officially announced, they sent out their sixth—and last—leaflet. The tone of this writing, authored by Kurt Huber and revised by Hans Scholl and Alexander Schmorell, was more patriotic. Headed "Fellow students! On 3rd, 8th, and 15 February , Alexander Schmorell, Hans Scholl, and Willi Graf used tin stencils to write slogans like "Down with Hitler" and "Freedom" on the walls of the university and other buildings in Munich.
On 18 February , the Scholls brought a suitcase full of leaflets to the university main building. They hurriedly dropped stacks of copies in the empty corridors for students to find when they left the lecture rooms. Leaving before the lectures had ended, the Scholls noticed that there were some left-over copies in the suitcase and decided to distribute them.
Sophie flung the last remaining leaflets from the top floor down into the atrium. This spontaneous action was observed by the university maintenance man, Jakob Schmid. A draft of a seventh pamphlet, written by Christoph Probst, was found in the possession of Hans Scholl at the time of his arrest by the Gestapo.
While Sophie Scholl got rid of incriminating evidence before being taken into custody, Hans did try to destroy the draft of the last leaflet by tearing it apart and trying to swallow it. However, the Gestapo recovered enough of it and were able to match the handwriting with other writings from Probst, which they found when they searched Hans's apartment. However, after Hans had confessed, Sophie assumed full responsibility in an attempt to protect other members of the White Rose.
The Scholls and Probst were scheduled to stand trial before the Volksgerichtshof —the Nazi "People's Court" infamous for its unfair political trials, which more often than not ended with a death sentence—on 22 February They were found guilty of treason. Roland Freisler , head judge of the court, sentenced them to death. The three were executed the same day by guillotine at Stadelheim Prison. All three were noted for the courage with which they faced their deaths, particularly Sophie, who remained firm despite intense interrogation, and intimidation by Freisler during the trial.
She replied: "You know as well as we do that the war is lost. Why are you so cowardly that you won't admit it? Willi Graf had already been arrested on 18 February ; in his interrogations, which continued until his execution in October , he successfully covered other members of the group. Alexander Schmorell was recognized, denounced and arrested on 24 February , after his return to Munich following an unsuccessful effort to travel to Switzerland. Kurt Huber was taken into custody on 26 February, and only then did the Gestapo learn about his role within the White Rose group.
The second White Rose trial took place on 19 April Eleven others were sentenced to prison, and Falk Harnack was acquitted of the accusations. Schmorell and Huber were executed on 13 July Willi Graf was further interrogated, but managed to cover his friend Willi Bollinger, and was finally executed on 12 October On 29 January , Hans Konrad Leipelt was executed.
He had been sent down from Hamburg University in because of his Jewish ancestry, and had copied and further distributed the White Rose's pamphlets together with his girlfriend Marie-Luise Jahn. The pamphlets were now entitled "And their spirit lives on.
The third White Rose trial was scheduled for 20 April , Hitler's birthday, which was a public holiday in Nazi Germany. Because he did not want to issue too many death sentences in a single trial, he therefore wanted to postpone his judgment against those four until the next day.
However, the evidence against them was lost, and the trial finally took place on 13 July In that trial, Gisela Schertling—who had betrayed most of the friends, even fringe members like Gerhard Feuerle—changed her mind and recanted her testimony against all of them. After her acquittal on 19 April, Traute Lafrenz was placed under arrest again. She spent the last year of the war in prison.
Trials kept being postponed and moved to different locations because of Allied air raids. Her trial was finally set for April , after which she probably would have been executed. Three days before the trial, however, the Allies liberated the town where she was held prisoner, thereby saving her life. The hopes of the White Rose members that the defeat at Stalingrad would incite German opposition against the Nazi regime and its war did not come true. On the contrary, Nazi propaganda used the defeat to call on the German people to embrace " Total War ".
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Coincidentally, on 18 February , the same day that saw the arrests of Sophie and Hans Scholl and Christoph Probst, Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels delivered his Sportpalast speech , and he was enthusiastically applauded by his audience. Shortly after the arrest of the Scholl siblings and Christoph Probst, newspapers published all-points bulletins in search of Alexander Schmorell.
On 22 February , the students of Munich were assembled, and officially protested against the " traitors " who came from within their ranks. Gestapo and Nazi jurisdiction documented in their files their view of the White Rose members as "traitors and defeatists ".
Further prosecutions took place until the end of World War II, and German newspapers continued to report, mostly in brief notes, that more people had been arrested and punished. On 15 March , a report by the Sicherheitsdienst of the Schutzstaffel stated that rumors about the leaflets spread "considerable unrest " amongst the German population. The report expressed particular concern about the fact that leaflets were not handed in to the Nazi authorities by their finders as promptly as they used to be in the past.
Soviet Army propaganda issued a leaflet, wrongly attributed by later researchers to the National Committee for a Free Germany , in honour of the White Rose's fight for freedom. For many years, Hans and Sophie's sister Inge Scholl 's commemorative book "The White Rose",  first published in , followed by several editions until , as well as surviving copies of the pamphlets, reports by surviving members and supporters of the White Rose group   and editions of the letters and diaries of Sophie and Hans Scholl  and Willi Graf  were the only primary sources available for research.
The interrogation protocols were part of the Volksgerichtshof documents, and were confiscated by the Soviet Red Army, and brought to Moscow. Here, they were kept secret in a special archive. After the foundation of the German Democratic Republic, the major part of the Nazi documents were handed over to the East German government, except the documents concerning Alexander Schmorell, who was born in Russia.
With the German reunification , the documents were transferred to the Federal Archive of Germany in Berlin, and finally published. With the fall of Nazi Germany, the White Rose came to represent opposition to tyranny in the German psyche and was lauded for acting without interest in personal power or self-aggrandizement.
Their story became so well known that the composer Carl Orff claimed falsely by some accounts    to his Allied interrogators that he was a founding member of the White Rose and was released. He was personally acquainted with Huber, but there is no evidence that Orff was ever involved in the movement. The fountain in front of the university is dedicated to Hans and Sophie Scholl. The other, across the street, is dedicated to Professor Huber.
Many schools, streets, and other places across Germany are named in memory of the members of the White Rose. Likewise, the asteroid Weisse Rose is named after the group. The outrageous story became even more shocking when Skylar and Jennifer were tried for murder. Now, in this updated edition of her true-crime classic, bestselling author and award-winning journalist Caitlin Rother reveals eye-opening developments in the case, including Skylar's decision to transition to a transgender woman--despite living in a men's prison.
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Free Returns. Quixote goes underground for three days to find out that thoughts create reality. Quixote ultimately realizes that he can control nature through his own thoughts- ritual magick at its most fundamental level. Followers of Kabbalah believe that the sephirot on the Tree of Life represent the mental emanations of god and that the practitioner can someday do the same create reality through thoughts. Thus, this entire series is truly about opening up the pineal gland of the characters so they can take control of their own world and use their mind to create reality.
Recall that Owen is 33 years of age…. The Tree is comprised of ten sephirots akin to the chakra points; each point embodies a characteristic of god. This is an abomination in terms of occultism because the magician skips right past the god number. Aleister Crowley spoke of traversing through the Tree of Life as as shortcut up the center pillar of consciousness by confronting an entity named Choronzon at this hidden 11th sephirot.
It is a number for the spirit and material fused together which takes us into the Saturnian ideas of materializing the spirit world again- read my conclusion for more on this.
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According to Revelation, , are to be saved. The number comes up later in this show, but take note to what Hall says here. So it seems our protagonists are attached to the numbers of 9 and 1 which are curious to say the least. They are definitely on occult initiatory journeys of self-realization but we have to take a step back before coming to the conclusion of what exactly they are showing us.
We see references to owls multiple times in this series and they clearly define it as the incarnation of the moon goddess. Ron Hubbard conducted the Babalon Workings ritual to evoke entities from another world and the subsequent crash at Roswell, N. The reality is that the Neberdines who eventually start the Neberdine Pharmaceutical Biotech are channeling the moon goddess through ritual magick and seance.
They are worshipping the moon because it is symbolic of the phases of life and the evolution of mankind. The entire series is about evolving man into the next iteration through occult practices like magick and moon goddess channeling. It is revealed that the chapter is so powerful that people who read it live in their own dream worlds until they die. It is also revealed that the lost chapter is hidden within a mirror.
The material realm will be abandoned as we enter into a new age that puts our souls into the form of light energy. The computer A. Robert Muramoto and gains insight into what it means to be an emotional human. In terms of occult history; they believe that the forces of Saturn materialized the world. Thus, the occultists seek to spiritualize the world- a reversal of the Kabbalah Tree of Life, traversing back up to god at the top sephirot. They are attempting to create life through the form of A.
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